Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18 - The Yoga of Moksha by Renunciation





Bhagavad Gita Summary : Arjuna asked Krishna, what is sacrifice and what is sannyasa (living as saint) in terms of action. Krishna told Arjuna, declining all the actions to satisfy material nature, leads to sannyasa, surrendering the fruitive results leads to sacrifice. At any time, worshiping, sacrifice and charity should not be given up, this even helps the purest souls to achieve higher state. However if they are performed with attachment, then they are of no use. When the prescribed duties are performed without expectation of result then it’s of goodness, the prescribed duties are selectively performed and also with expectations then it’s of passion, the duties are declined because of illusion then it’s of ignorance. It’s impossible for someone to be without any duties; hence leaving the results to me is the best. The body, performer, senses, undertakings and super soul all of them combined perform action, so if anyone think that he also did the action, it means he is ignorant. In goodness, the knowledge sees supreme soul in everyone, the action is performed without attachment, love and hatred, the performer has no ego, lot of enthusiasm, no waver on success or failure. In passion the knowledge see different people in bodies, actions are performed with great effort to satisfy the desires, performer is always worried about fruitive results, envy and greedy. In ignorance, knowledge sees darkness in everything, the action is performed with illusion and disregard, the performer is cheating, lazy and materialistic.

In goodness, the understanding helps to find the right actions, the determination is unbreakable and oriented with clean faith, the happiness which starts as tough one and ends as pure one. In passion, the understanding is not able to differentiate the right and wrong actions, the determination is based on results/economic/religious/sense gratification, and happiness is based on senses, the start as pure and end as Poisson.  In Ignorance, the understanding is the wrong actions will be perceived as right ones, determination is based on illusion, dreaming and unintelligent, the happiness is from beginning to end it’s of delusion. These three characters impact everyone. Being purified by intelligence,  self control, who performs duties , controls food, removes false pride, ego, who lives in peace can understand me , as I am , the supreme god, they in full consciousness serve me and live with me. Though engaged in all kind of activities, my devotee achieves me. The one who is conscious on me, who always thinks on me, i am there to help him cross this life and he will be never lost. As supreme god, i am there in everyone, just they need to surrender to me, and then I take care of them. The most confidential knowledge is , always think about me, worship, surrender all results to me, by this you will come to me, without fail, i promise this. The one who understand this should tell to others and the one who hears this with full faith and follows it, will also reach me. After hearing this Arjuna told to supreme god, that he understands his duty and ready to perform it now.

Sanjaya explained all those wording to Dhritarashtra and told him, that these wordings made him stand and he always like to remember them in his mind. Then Arjuna went to the battle and the Pandavas have won the great battle.


Bhagavad Gita
Bhagavad Gita




"Our Life:  I always wonder, why should a human perform an action without result? It may be good for talk but not for real life! And thinking of growing in life, making money and keeping the family happy is the ultimate purpose for living, how can I leave those and lead a life? Gita is not for a common man... these are the thinking I had and may be you also had at the beginning; now to some level we both have our answers....  Performing action is the key for us to live, we as common people can’t stop performing action, but we can cut the expectation on results, because the results lead to expectation and expectation leads to desires and desire leads misery and illusion. Some of us think, by doing action, we can wait, because god will give us the result... This also another expectation, but now it’s on god... Perform your duties and offer all the results to god, this is simpler for us. When our growth is important for others and we don’t take pride, attach ourselves in that growth, then a growth is not harmful, it’s again part of duty for us, as a person with such capability. However the moment, we think, it we who has done, and doing it, leading it, we are lost. Similarly as a common man, we all do activities to satisfy the sensual needs, however we should be able to distance them as we demand, and for that it’s important to surrender all this happenings to god. We can’t attach anything but only to supreme power, with all other things we can live, but with clarity they exist today and may not exist tomorrow. We can be there with children, wife, parents, brothers, and friends and with all the useful assets, but be clear, one day they will go out and we will also go out from this life... But we will never be left alone without god! The ultimate supreme power is always within you, so what else you need... Even if you die, even if your soul leaves, every moment he is there with you and finally you reach him...so what’s there to worry! Surrender yourself to him, he will take care! (Don’t get confused to which god I need to surrender, because one god may get angry if you surrender yourself with another god :)) The one supreme power of this universe is within you, and you are within him!!! With this run your life, perform your duties, leave the worries and detach yourself from pride, ego, and expectations”

 

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